Category Archives: Architecture

21 Log Cabin Builders Share Their #1 Tip For Building Log Homes

The following is an excerpt from Log Cabin Hub by Sarah Woods.

Lots of our fans have been writing us lately asking for the best piece of advice when it comes to building a log cabin home.  So we decided to go out and speak with 21 influential log cabin owners, builders, and manufacturers and asked them for their best tips, tricks, and secrets when it comes to building a log cabin.

Some of the 21 are authors and famous log cabin enthusiasts, and some are the world’s oldest log cabin manufacturing companies, but all of them have world-class experience and knowledge when it comes to building log cabins.

At Log Cabin Hub we asked them to reveal their number 1 piece of advice when it comes to building a log cabin for the first time.  Their responses are in, so here’s what you need to know before starting on your log cabin project!

1.  Design prudently.
John E. Schroeder, Schroeder Log Home Supply

1 John-E.-Schroeder-Log-Home-Tips-1

I would say the most important tip when building a log home is: design prudently. This encompasses: building large overhangs; building the first course of logs at least two feet above ground level; slope the grade away from the house; plan everything you can to keep the sun and the water off the house as much as possible.

These considerations early on will make the maintenance of the home a cinch. It’s when the home is exposed to too much sun that you have to re-stain/re-finish your home much more often.  And it’s when the home is exposed to too much moisture that you run into the eventual decay of wood. Plan to keep the sun and the moisture off your wood and your home will last forever.

John E. Schroeder owns Schroeder Log Home Supply, a hardware marketplace for log home supplies and tools.

2. Get the design right.
David S. Mann, Alta Log Homes

2 David-S-Mann-Log-Cabin-SecretsGetting the design right is important for the following reasons: It will help you get the house to work better on your land for energy efficiency and future maintenance, as well as make sure it can be built within your budget.

David S. Mann is the CEO of Alta Log Homes who have been building hand-made rustic log cabins since 1971.


3.  Build for your lifestyle.
Justin Metz, Brookridge Log & Custom Homes

3 Justin-Metz-Cabin-Builder-AdviceI believe the single most important tip when building a log cabin home is to build for your lifestyle. Log cabin living can be as unique as the lucky individuals that choose to embrace this style of home building. Whether its ultra rustic – with exposed beams, natural resources (like stone, wood and reclaimed timbers) or ultra contemporary with lots of fixed glass, metal and painted interiors, log home living is a lifestyle that brings a homeowner back to nature.

It is important to focus on the details of the home rather than the square footage. In the past, customers were focused on larger homes- typically above 2000 square feet, while the current trend is for smaller cabins that are well appointed with features that reflect the personalities of their inhabitants.

Justin Metz owns Brookridge Log & Custom Homes who are the authorized dealers of “The Original Lincoln Logs”.

4.  Know what you’re getting before making a decision.
Joe Folker, Timberhaven Log Homes

7 Joe-Folker-Log-CabinDon’t make your selection of a log home manufacturer based on price alone. Every log home company supplies a different level of completeness and quality standard. Know what you’re getting, via a detailed estimate/quote, before making your decision.

Joe Folker is the owner of Timberhaven Log Homes in Pennsylvania, who provide high-quality kiln-dried logs for your log home.

5. Look for integrity.
Hank Schaffeld, Gold Valley Log Homes

8 Gold-Valley-Log-Homes-AdviceThe most important thing that anyone can do when building a log home is to obtain their log home building material package from a company that has a high degree of integrity, who does all they promise from your initial conversation through the completion of your log home.

That means that the material they provide performs as claimed and they not only have the knowledge and personal experience to assist you with guidance beginning with your home design through the construction process and completion of your home, but are able to articulate that information in a way for you to make the right decision to have the home of your dreams.

Hank Schaffeld is founder of Gold Valley Log Homes who provide expert advice in the design and planning process for log cabin homes.

6.  Look for reputation, experience and respect.
Tod Parmeter, Golden Eagle Log Homes

9 Golden-Eagle-Log-Homes-adviceMy no. 1 tip is to work with a company that has a solid reputation, plenty of experience (so they are not practicing on your cabin) and treats the homeowner with respect from day one.

Tod Parmeter is the founder and owner of Golden Eagle Log Homes which has been building log homes since 1966.

7. Go with high quality materials.
Jeff Elliot, Coventry Log Homes, Inc.

Always go for the highest quality materials you can afford. It makes a huge difference in the life of the home and in the long run it will actually save money and time.

Jeff Elliot is the owner of Coventry Log Homes, Inc., a family run business specializing in high quality log cabin homes.

8.  Keep your logs dry!
Brett Youngstrom, Yellowstone Log Homes

4 Yellow-Stone-Homes-Log-Cabin-AdviceKeep your logs dry! I would suggest that you are certain you are getting dry logs for your home. 20% moisture content is considered green. Kiln dried logs are usually dried to 19%. 12% to 15% is better. With lower moisture content in the logs settling becomes a non-issue. Provisions like settling jacks can be eliminated from the structure with dry logs.

Long roof overhangs, covered decks, and proper landscaping should then be included into the design to keep water off from the logs after they are installed. Roof overhangs should be at least 3 feet. Sprinkler systems should be kept well away from the logs – a malfunctioning sprinkler head can spray logs and go undetected for months.

Based in Idaho, the Youngstrom family owns Yellowstone Log Homes ( who, since 1962, have shipped over 10,000 log cabin kits around the world.

9.  Air-dried logs are superior to kiln dried logs.
Mark Long, Old Virginia Log Homes

5 Mark-Long-Log-Home-SecretsAir-dried logs are superior to kiln dried logs. When logs are air dried correctly, typically 6-8 months, they acclimatize to the atmosphere. Meaning the moisture content in the log evens out to what it would be like when it is used in a log structure. So you get minimal movement in the home and no need for adjustments on a regular basis. Yes, there will be pops and checking, but that is normal.

Kiln dried logs are just that, the logs are put into a kiln and dried. Once the logs are removed from the kiln and placed in the atmosphere they swell up with moisture. If they are cut and put into your home at this point, there will be issues as the logs acclimate and begin to shrink. This is why many companies are now selling maintenance packages.

Mark Long is a log cabin designer from Old Virginia Log Homes.

10. Log dryness is critical.
David Gordon, Katahdin Cedar Log Homes

11 David-Gordon-Timber-AdviceBefore starting the purchasing process talk with past customers and see what their total experience was. Visit a couple of homes from the companies that you are considering – make sure that these are independent of the corporation. Be sure to look over the completed product and see how much the logs have settled and shrunk over the first couple of years. Dryness of the logs provided in the package is probably the single most critical factor when selecting a company.

David Gordon is Chief Executive Officer at Maine’s largest white cedar mill – Katahdin Cedar Log Homes.

11.  Vertical wall shrinkage is a very important factor.
Jeff Jones, log cabin owner

The one thing I wish I’d considered before building my log home was the difference between manufactured logs or naturally harvested logs. Having now built three log homes, the vertical wall shrinkage is a very important factor, which isn’t really talked about. Sealing between manufactured logs is much easier. Also with naturally harvested logs chinking becomes more of a maintenance issue.

Jeff Jones is a log cabin owner in America.

12.  Purchase a quality log wall building system.
Dorie Workman, Appalachian Log Structures

The single most important advice for building a log home is purchasing a quality log wall building system. The log wall is what makes the home sustainable for many years, so it is imperative that the logs have been grade stamped, pressure treated for wood digesting insects and decay, and designed for settling.

Dorie Workman is Vice President of Appalachian Log Structures in West Virginia. (

13.  Find a reputable builder.
Ron Silliboy, Ward Cedar Log Homes

Cute log cabin in the mountains of Maggie Valley, North Carolina

We think the most important tip is to find a reputable builder. Finding a builder for your new log home can be an overwhelming task and is one of the most important decisions when building your new log home. Homeowners put a lot of time in researching their dream home they want to build and they should invest the time in finding a builder to assure their log home investment is built correctly.

Ron Silliboy is head of corporate sales at Ward Cedar Log Homes who are America’s first manufacturer of log cabins.

14. Know the true turnkey cost.
Drew Prochazka, Beaver Mountain Log & Cedar Homes

Don’t buy a log home package/kit without knowing the true turnkey cost and that you have the ability to fund the entire project. All too often we hear of people who bought from company X and can’t finish their home for what the company said it would cost. There are so many variables in building a home that the customer really needs to sit down with the log home producer and the builder together to get firm costs before buying a kit.

Drew Prochazka is a business manager for Beaver Mountain Log & Cedar Homes who build premium log homes.

15. You are building a home, not just a log shell.
Stephanie Johnson, Precision Craft Log & Timber Homes

First of all, there is no single tip that will magically make your project a success. Especially when you consider that every person has their own unique goals and building parameters. But I can say that after interacting with thousands of potential homebuilders over the last 25+ years, the most common bit of advice we could give is to remember that you are building a home, not just a log shell. Make sure that you keep this in mind through every stage. From determining realistic turnkey costs to setting building schedules. Make sure you account for everything and try to keep from making assumptions.

Stephanie Johnson is a marketing officer at PFB Custom Homes who are log cabin designers and builders.

16.  Protect your home from the elements.
Doug, log cabin owner

4 Doug-Log-CabinFor me, I would say that the #1 most important tip is properly protecting your home from the elements (Water/rain/snow, termites, everything else). Now, this is true for every home built in the world, sure. But, log homes and cabins can incur damage from these elements far easier than traditional housing.

Doug is a log cabin owner in Georgia – United States.

17. Maximize heat efficiency.
Taylor L. Applewhite, log cabin builder and owner

14 Taylor-Applewhite-Log-Cabin-AdviceIn the Rocky Mountains, find the perfect wood stove and build your cabin around it. The interior of your cabin should be dictated by how the heat will best work in that space to maximize efficiency.

Taylor L. Applewhite has built his own log cabin and has been featured in log cabin magazines and books.


18. Location, location, location.
Ruskee, log cabin owner

New small wooden house with sundeck, the walls of the yellow blockhouse, the roof covered with red metal tile

The most important thing is location, location, location! It took me many homes to figure that one out and it’s probably THE most important thing. Will my cabin face south? What’s the average temperature in the middle of winter? Is there a hill to block the winds? If there are high winds, where are the trees going to fall? How deep is the well-water? Like I said: location, location, location.

Ruskee is a log cabin owner in the United States.

19.  Be friendly to your neighbors!
Billy Rioux, Billy Rioux Adventurer

7 Billy-Rioux-Log-Home-AdventuresHaving built multiple log cabins my answer is to find the best spot to build your cabin! The sun facing east to west on the cabin is the best. Another one? Be friendly with your neighbors!

Billy Rioux is a log cabin owner in Canada and an enthusiast with a YouTube channel where he documents his adventures.

20. Pay attention to the details.
Janet Wilson, log cabin owner

The biggest mistake I made when building my cabin was to apply the caulk to seal the logs before applying the first coat of staining. As I used an oil based caulk the stain didn’t stick very well to it and it gave an unpleasant finish. My advice would be to always apply a first coat of stain before caulking or chinking your cabin the future.

Janet Wilson a log cabin enthusiast and owner in America.

21. Understand the topic.
Janet Woods, Log Cabin Hub

Ranger Station Cabin in the ForestThe most common piece of guidance I give to people when considering building a log cabin is to really understand the topic. Buy some books, watch some YouTube videos and read some blogs on log cabins to better your knowledge to make sure you avoid common mistakes. Once you are knowledgeable on log cabins then you have a much better chance of getting the design and build right!

Janet Woods is author of Log Cabin Hub, an online community to share log cabin advice and tips.

So that’s it! 21 log cabin owners, builders, and manufacturers have shared their best tips, tricks, and secrets for making your log cabin project a success.

We really hope you have found insights and tips that you can now use and apply when building your log cabin home.

Take look at the “world’s greenest office tower”



Tom Paladino’s company was on the design team for the Tower at PNC in Pittsburgh and he says the project changed his life.

The Tower at PNC in Pittsburgh is being billed as the greenest office tower in the world. It has a skin that breaths, a solar chimney, a park in the sky, wood-clad porch doors, indicators that tell you what the weather is outside, and something called The Beacon – an interactive light sculpture that broadcasts data about how much energy the building is using.

The tower is shifted on the podium and street grid for maximum sun exposure.  A double-walled “breathable” facade provides a thermal buffer while allowing air to pass through.

Operable Skin, The Tower at PNC

Operable Skin, PNC Tower

So what’s a solar chimney? It’s a vertical shaft with a rooftop solar collection panel that creates an updraft that draws cool outside air through the skin, across the floors, and up and out of the building, without requiring fans, for almost half the year.

A “living room” space links every two floors of the building, and a five-story indoor park offers views of downtown Pittsburgh.

The Park at The Tower at PNC

The Park at PNC Tower

Paladino acted as owner’s representative on sustainability and LEED management issues.  The 800,000-square-foot, 33-story building was designed by Gensler to reflect PNC’s commitment to green building, energy efficiency and innovation.

The design and systems will help reduce energy consumption by 50 percent and reduce water use by 77 percent compared with a typical office building, Paladino said.

“It was ridiculously simple, and at the same time,  a challenge in its aspiration,” said Tom Paladino in his blog post on the tower.

“LEED shifted from being the purpose of the green building program to being one of the desired results. We moved to a higher purpose, creating a headquarters that would serve PNC as another tool of the business.”

The building was designed to be “the most progressive workplace ever and to attract a highly social, digitally native, and an environmentally conscious work force,” Paladino said.

The Tower at PNC is built green for future generations to enjoy.

The tower cost $400 million.

ESI Design's Beacon at PNC Tower

ESI Design’s Beacon at PNC Tower

Outdoor space at PNC Tower

Outdoor space at PNC Tower

The Tower at PNC

The Tower at PNC

Need a building? You’ve got some new options

The following post is by Alaska Structures:

Much has been said about sustainable construction methods and how beneficial reclaimed and recycled materials can be to reduce the carbon footprint of a home or commercial construction project.  However, often overlooked are the many non-traditional building alternatives that provide an energy efficient shortcut to a complete building.

Shipping Containers

shipping container

Highly durable and too often wasted, these hulking containers aren’t just for subterranean bomb shelters anymore. DIYers and construction experts have been creating beautiful, functional, and livable buildings out of industrial shipping containers for several years now and we’re thrilled with the results.

By reusing the massive metal containers for home construction, homeowners are able to enjoy sturdy walls, cool interiors, and endlessly expandable layouts. While working with standard shapes may feel limiting, many experienced container builders have found ways to create ventilated rooftops and innovative, expansive rooms using multiple container sections, as well as beautiful outdoor decks and living spaces.

While it takes a lot of hard work and logistical planning, the benefits of designing a custom home without the need for producing additional materials will provide a level of satisfaction beyond what typical sustainable building practices often provide.

Tensioned Fabric Buildings

tensioned fabric building

Perhaps some of the most versatile structures available today, a high-end tensioned fabric building can sometimes outperform even a brick and mortar structure in terms of durability. These buildings can withstand significant snow load and high winds, will remain intact during natural disasters, and help lower insurance costs.

High-end fabrics can provide insulation and security in any climate on earth and some manufacturers go the extra mile with HVAC systems, electrical connections, and other custom options. The lightweight nature and ease of installation make these fabric buildings a great option for organizations on the move, but with so many foundation options, there’s no reason why you can’t install your fabric structure in place for good.

Worried about meeting building code? Depending on where you purchase your fabric building, the company’s engineers may be able to meet or exceed various building code requirements mandated by your city or state governments.

Modular Buildings

modular building

Shedding the misnomer of “pre-fab” buildings, modular constructions aren’t just for the temporary construction site, and are not like the double-wide trailers of 40 years ago. Entire hospitals, apartment complexes, and even hotels are being built using modular practices. By using modular methods, major projects have found success with reductions in construction time, site preparation, and shipping costs.

The production of modular buildings is more efficient, so they are a much more eco-friendly solution when compared with traditional construction. The construction industry accounts for about 40% of the energy consumption and greenhouse gas emissions in the United States. By using off-site manufacturing methods, the UK’s Waste & Resources Action Programme suggests that construction site waste can be reduced by as much as 90%. Off-site construction also requires less heavy machinery use during the assembly process, further reducing emissions during the construction.

Modular buildings aren’t just greener during construction either – many modular constructions come with super efficient HVAC systems, zero volatile organic compounds (VOCs), and glass walls/open office layouts that utilize more natural light.

Alaska Structures has manufactured fabric buildings for industrial and commercial applications around the world since 1975.

Seattle Lowrise Zones Now Have a Passive House Incentive to Add Floor Area

The following post is by Joe Giampietro, AIA, CPHC, NK Architects

11th and Republican PH Multifamily Rendering

On July 6th, the Seattle City Council passed a number of revisions to the low-rise zone land use code, including adding Passive House as a way to achieve floor area ratio (FAR) bonuses.

A FAR bonus allows for an increase in building height relative to the area of the lot. Passive House efficiency principles lead to significant energy savings, increased project value, and improved health and comfort for those that live there.

Although this was a minor addition to an otherwise hotly debated set of low-rise zoning updates, this addresses building energy use in a practical and cost effective manner. It is a big move in the right direction.

With the addition of Passive House to the other “green” incentive programs, including LEED Silver, Built Green 4-Star, and the Washington Evergreen Sustainable Development Standards for affordable housing, Seattle has started down the road of recognizing and providing incentives for truly high-performance, low energy design strategies.

Next on the list of legislative actions, the Passive House community is working with the Seattle City Council to consider expanding the Passive House incentive to include both current certification agencies, PHIUS and the Passive House Institute. We have successfully lobbied City Councilman, Mike O’Brien’s staff to include this adjustment in the “omnibus” zoning legislation. The expansion language is currently wending its way through the Council approval process and will be voted on later this summer.

We anticipate that this action will serve as a model for other changes in zoning legislation in Seattle as well as in cities and towns in throughout the Northwest. Let’s take a moment to celebrate one small step in this process!

16 reasons you’ll want to live in a shipping container

A new website offers plans, advice and a community of container home fans.

I’m Tom Woods.  I run Container Home Plans along with my assistant Claire.  I have a background in construction and studied sustainable development at Yale. Whilst studying, I developed my passion for sustainable buildings and this is what caused me to come across the idea of making homes out of recycled shipping containers. Earlier last year, I was browsing online to try and find more information on how to build shipping container homes and was frustrated because I couldn’t find much information out there. This is how Container Home Plans was born.

So I made the site to act as a central online resource for shipping container homes and to help people who are looking for detailed information on how to build their own. We feature on our site case studies of other people who have built their own container homes and go in detail, outlining the materials they used, the length of time it took them and the cost of the build. We also run a feature called container home of the week, where we show off the very best shipping container homes as inspiration for people! It’s our hope that Container Home Plans will act as a hub for the community of container home enthusiasts so they can share their experiences with other enthusiasts and help each other as they build their own.

We run the site because we believe that using shipping containers can be not only environmentally friendly but it can also be a very affordable option that allows people to make homes they otherwise couldn’t afford to if they used conventional building materials.

I’d be delighted to hear from people, so feel free to send any questions to me at: